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CDM for Palm Oil Mill
Under the Kyoto Protocol, Annex 1 countries (developed economies) have to reduce the carbon emission by between 5-8%. There is also a common understanding amongst European economies that the carbon emission would be reduced by 20% in 2020. All CDM projects to generate carbon credits are required to be registered with United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Through the use of the Simon Moos AVC System, Aquakimia has developed a carbon credit program especially for the palm oil mill to treat the raw POME.

Raw POME contains significant quantities of organic matter and under the conventional open ponds system; the organics are converted to methane in the anaerobic ponds. By treating the raw POME fresh from the mills, using the AVC System from Simon Moos of Denmark, the biosolids as well as significant quantities of the organic matter can be removed and the treated water from the AVC System can then be further treated aerobically. By eliminating the use of the anaerobic ponds, the AVC System would qualify for carbon credit through methane avoidance. In mills where water is scarce, the final discharge from the ponds can be polished using membrane system for recycling.

The biosolids from the AVC System can either be further treated as organic compost or it can be mixed with the excess empty fruit bunches (EFBs) so that it can be converted to briquettes or pellets. The briquettes or pellets can be used as a replacement fuel in large boiler in cement and power plants. Through this process where the biosolids can be returned to the oil palm plantation as compost and the pollutant load in the treated wastewater significantly reduced, the AVC System is promoting sustainable palm oil industry. Through the use of the AVC System, the total carbon emission from the POME can be totally eliminated and at the same time it helps to reduce the carbon foot print for the palm oil industry.
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